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Ulucz – Demographics Study

The following demographics data was compiled from various articles, historical geographical guides, books, almanacs, etc. that mention Ulucz.   It is possible that the information may not be accurate because quite often the immediate sources quoted other original documents as its sources that no longer exist, but the data does appear to be relatively consistent across the last 200 years showing that between the 18th and the early 20th centuries, there were 1,200-2,800 people living in Ulucz.  That population size is quite substantial for a village in that geographical area.  This “prosperity” was cut short after 1947 when the village lost 90% of its population5.  Prior to that there were other major events that may have contributed to the decline of population line 1812 – The French invasion of Russia during the Napoleonic Wars, 1846 – the Galician Peasant Uprising, 1847-1889 series of faminesG, and 1914-1921 – the First World War.

DEMOGRAPHICAL DATA

YEAR UKRAINIAN- CATHOLIC ROMAN-CATHOLIC2 JEWISH2 EVANGELICAL2 TOTAL
1565E         (40 dwellings)6
1785A 1,150 80 40   1,270
1809B 2,0554 (+2091) 2,264
1870C 1,342 98 181   1,621
1879D 1,307 (+2331) 1,540
1909D 1,706 (+3321) 200 503 2,288
1921E 1,440 181 210 1,831
1936D,F 1,160 (+3761) 160 (+321) 180 (+131) 38 1,876
1930D 2,080 (+4801) 100 (+201) 150 (+201) 2,810
c. 2000 <2005

SOURCES

  1. carpatho-rusyn.org.
  2. Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego. 1880.
  3. Słownik Geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego. 1882.
  4. Ukrainian Archives. Jaroslav and Zasiannia. 1986.
  5. Przemyśl i Pogórze Przemyskie. 1997.
  6. Спис села Улюч – Динівский деканат. 1921-1936.
  7. pl/2016/04/11/setki-tysiecy-polakow-umieraly-z-glodu-ale-kosciol-i-tak-zabranial-im-jesc-miesa.

NOTES

  1. The near-by village of Hrushivka did not have its own church, and its dwellers attended Ulucz’s churches and were counted as Ulucz’s parishioners.
  2. In some sources nationality (not the citizenship) was used interchangeably with religious affiliation. For example, Roman-Catholic instead of Polish or German instead of Jewish.
  3. Source document refers to this number as the number of families as opposed to the number of individuals. Therefore, the actual number of individuals should be several times higher.
  4. In the document, it states that the number includes parishioners from the church of Mykolaya.
  5. The drop in the population figures is the direct result of the post-WW II polish deportation during resettlement to Ukraine and during the so called Akcja Wisła designed to resettle Ukrainians living in the area. During Akcja Wisła, 550 Ukrainians were forcibly removed from Ulucz in May of 1947.  In addition, members of the Jewish population were mostly killed as result of the German occupation during the WW II.
  6. In the document, demographics are described as “occupation/service providers” who reside in the village. It should be close to the number of key “dwellings” in the village where the head of the family is known in the area by his or her profession.  The document lists: 29 mid-size agricultural farmers (pol. Kmiecie), 8 animal farmers (pol. Zagrodnicy), 1 priest (pol. Pop), and 2 Inn keepers (pol. Karczmarze).

 

Darius

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